The Gloster Fancy

(and other Type Canaries)

Birds Always Available   •  We Ship Anywhere in the U.S.


Lou has been raising Glosters and other Type Canaries since 1989.  Working with birds of all kinds has been a life long passion.  Lou rasies approximately 100 birds per year, caring for them all personally in his Connecticut bird room. 

Shows -- National Gloster Show annually since 1990

Vice-President - Louis Defeo

About Canaries:

From Wikipedia:

The Domestic Canary (Serinus canaria domestica) is a domesticated form of the Wild Canary, a small songbird in the finch family originating from Madeira, the Azores and the Canary Islands.

Canaries were first bred in captivity in the 1600s. They were brought over by Spanish sailors to Europe. Monks started breeding them and only sold the males (which sing). This kept the birds in short supply and drove the price up. Eventually Italians obtained hens and were able to breed the birds themselves. This made them very popular and resulted in many breeds arising and the birds being bred all over Europe.

The same occurred in England. First the birds were only owned by the rich but eventually the local citizens started to breed them and, again, they became very popular. Many breeds arose through selective breeding, and they are still very popular today for their voice.

They come in many colors such as; yellow, orange, brown, black, white, and red. 1 in 65 wild canaries are naturally red.

Inexperienced breeders find it difficult to determine the sex of canaries by appearance, intensity of color, or demeanor. Most males sing and most females do not. As spring approaches physical changes are observed in the vent area. The abdomen of the hen becomes more rounded and that of the cock becomes larger and protrudes downward in the same direction as the legs.

Canaries are only fertile when the length of the day increases to about 12 hours. This occurs naturally in the spring but can be induced earlier through artificial lighting and heating. Good nutrition is essential. Cuttlefish bone is often used to provide calcium for the formation of egg shells. Liquid vitamin drops help guard against deficiencies. Greens are a staple, such as chickweed, seedy (lawn type) grass heads, dandelion, carrot, broccoli, sprouts, and apple. There are many different recipes for soft food that include ingredients such as hard boiled egg, gelatin, and bread or biscuit crumbs. A protein-rich soft food, together with sprouted seed, is the fundamental diet of canary chicks.

Canaries are best suited to breeding in a controlled environment with one pair per cage. This is essential for any pedigree show varieties. They can also be bred successfully in an aviary situation if there is sufficient room, excess nesting sites, and a plentiful supply of nesting material.

Males will often be ready to breed before the females. A cock may pursue a hen relentlessly or fight with her. In these situations the pair is separated until the female has most of the nest built and is more likely to accept to the male. Many breeders use a "double breeder" cage with two compartments separated by a removable wire partition. The partition is removed when the pair is observed "kissing" (the male trying to feed the female) through the bars.

An open (uncovered) 4" nest cup is previously installed in an accessible position above the height of the perches. Nesting material such as hessian, plumber's hemp, cotton wool, burlap, and tissue paper is provided.

The hen lays a total of four or five eggs, on successive days. She rarely leaves the nest during the two weeks of incubation and relies on the cock to bring food. Some breeders remove the first two or three eggs and replace them with dummy eggs. They then return the real eggs when the clutch is completed. This causes the eggs to hatch over fewer days and gives a higher survival rate due to less disparity in the size of the chicks. Fresh soft food and sprouted seed is provided regularly until the chicks are weaned to hard seed.

The chicks leave the nest at about 18 days and are fed by the parents for another week or so. The hen then commences a second round and may attack the first one. At this point the partition is returned in a "double breeder" cage so that the fledglings can be housed in one side. Their parents in the other side feed them through the wire while also proceeding with further breeding.

Lou DeFeo


Lou DeFeo


Liz DeFeo

  1. Glosters

  2. Frills

  3. Parisian Frills

  4. Gibbers Italias

  5. Color Breds